The most important question all loving pet owners ask is "How do I know when it is the right time to consider euthanizing a pet?". We are told, "You will just know" or "Your pet will let you know when it is the right time.".
Unfortunately these statements are myths. Your pet has a natural inborn instinct to hide pain, illness, and disease. Their goal in life (other than eating) is to make you happy. Many pets will try to act normal for the people they love. This makes it extremely hard to identify the "right time".
Most pets suffer a slow decline with an illness. They take take two steps down and one step back, but they never regain their former health. What we, as loving pet owners, have to identify is the behaviors that demonstrate our pet is suffering and that their quality of life has diminished.
A simple way to help you judge quality of life is to give your pet a score each day. The score is based on how you think your pet is doing on a specific day. A 0 is the lowest score and a 10 represents your pet at their healthiest. On a calender mark the daily score taking all things into consideration. We often do not remember back more than 3-4 days, so tracking this score will help you evaluate your pets physical and emotional well-being more objectively.
A pet's natural instinct is to eat to keep themselves strong and healthy. A pet is suffering physically when they choose to no longer eat.
The number one reason large breed clients consider euthanasia is because of mobility issues. Many pets become distressed when they can no longer ambulate well. If your pet is extremely large it may be physically impossible to help them in and out of the house to go to the bathroom. Concerns also arise that a pet may cause themselves severe trauma when falling. A pet that can no longer ambulate on their on may suffer both physically and mentally.
Urinary and fecal incontinence are signs of underlying health issues. Sometimes medications can help control incontinence. Uncontrolled urinary incontinence can lead to bladder and skin infection. It can also become difficult to keep your pet and environment clean with both urinary and fecal incontinence.
Some pets develop Cognitive Dysfunction or Alzheimer's like symptoms.
Many pets with Cognitive Dysfunction become very emotionally distressed when they do not know who you are or where they are at.
Chronic infection due to tumors or an underlying illness can cause your pet pain and discomfort. Open wounds can attract flies and your pet may develop an infestation of maggots if you are unable to keep them extremely clean.
The above symptoms are often seen with inadequate pain control.
The following represent important changes in behavior which can signal your pet is not feeling well.
A change of behavior as listed above means your pet is having difficulty oxygenating.... certain positions help increase oxygen flow better in the lungs. If your pet develops fluid in the lungs that is not controlled, they will feel like they are drowning.